Types of Garden Irrigation Systems and their Explanations

Garden irrigation systems are an alternative way of managing rainfed land when the dry season arrives. So with this irrigation, the land no longer relies on rain, which is uncertain when it falls.

There are many types of irrigation that gardeners don’t know about. Where each irrigation has a different meaning and function. Certainly, irrigation will provide water needs in a way that is not the same.

In caring for a garden at home, the water supply that plants need must certainly be fulfilled. Relying on rain alone is not enough, especially when it comes to dry days. That is why gardeners can apply a number of irrigation systems.

Types of Garden Irrigation Systems and their Explanations

Types of Garden Irrigation Systems You Need to Know

Garden irrigation systems are not just one or two types. Gardeners themselves often do irrigation during the dry season, not during the rainy season. Usually, gardeners flock to make irrigation channels.

Each type of crop you grow will also differ in the type of irrigation you choose. As we explained, each irrigation has a different role in helping the garden to be well maintained. In addition, the thing you need to remember as a gardener is that using an irrigation system in caring for a home garden will certainly cost money.

So, you also have to ensure that the preparations for this irrigation stage are thorough. For what types of garden irrigation systems you can use, you can listen to the discussion that we have summarized in the following article.

Surface Irrigation

The first irrigation is surface irrigation by distributing water to the planting area using gravity. This type of irrigation is the irrigation most chosen by farmers. Giving water can be done by flowing between the beds to make it more effective. Giving this water can also be done by keeping the land up to a certain height of water. In its application, this type of irrigation system is suitable for fine to medium-textured soils.

Micro Irrigation

The second garden irrigation system is micro, which provides water to plants directly, either on the soil surface or in the soil with a continuous drip. In addition, by way of slowly on the ground near the plant. The people call the water dispensing device in the irrigation system an emitter. So after leaving the incubator, the water spreads into the soil, either horizontally or vertically due to gravity and capillary forces. This type of irrigation is suitable for dry land.

Subsurface Irrigation

Subsurface irrigation systems are a form of micro-irrigation. However, the irrigation device is placed below ground level. Irrigation can be in the form of pipes with a diameter of 10 cm and a thickness of 1 cm which are connected.

Bulk Irrigation

Lastly is bulk irrigation which is a type of irrigation by spraying water into the air. In the next stage, water falls to the ground like rain. The purpose of this method is to allow water to reach the planting area evenly and efficiently.

So, those were the types of garden irrigation systems and their explanations that you should know. As a gardener, you can immediately apply this irrigation system to your home garden.